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John Laboyteaux   c1738-1780

AKA:   [v9]
Born when:   1732-1742 [n26]
Baptized when:
Father:   Peter LeBoytulx [n26]
1st married when: 11 November, 1762 [51]
Spouse 1:  Hannah Smith 
Died when:  1780 [00]
Buried when:   1780
Line of Descent:   John   <   Peter   <   Gabriel   <   Paul
Born where:   New Jersey(?)
Baptized Where:
Mother:   Jemima [n4]
1st married where:   Trinity Episcopal Parish, New York City
Spouse 2:
Died where: ship off New Jersey coast.
Buried where: "at sea" off New Jersey coast.
Cause of death:   Cannon Ball to theigh [n5]
Religious affiliations:   Presbyterian and others
Physical description:  
Education:   could read & write, merchant class
Occupations:   tailor;  shop owner, privateer
Trade, fraternal, other associations:   Society of the Hospital in the City of New-York [59]; served in several military units; Member of the Patriot Society of Philadelphia
Children:   John, Samuel Smith, Peter, Gabriel, Gabriel. Daniel, Hannah, George Washington, unknown(?)
Known residences:   New Jersey; New York, New York City, Manhattan; Pennsylvania, Philadelphia [58]
Known friends & relations:   brothers Gabriel, Joseph, Paul, Peter; Adm. Est., Thomas Pearsell, Benjamin Helms
Additional notes  [w5]  [w6]  [w7]**

Hannah Smith, c1740-1819

AKA: Pearsell [n27]
Born when:   c1739 [52]
Baptized when:  
1st married when: 11 November, 1762 [51]
Spouse 1:  John Laboyteaux
Died when:   29 September, 1819
Buried when: 30 September, 1819
Line of Descent:  
Born where:   Queens County, New York [52]
Baptized Where:  
1st married where: Trinity Episcopal Parish, New York City
Spouse 2:  
Died where:   227 Church St., New York City [52]
Buried where:   Trinity Episcopal Parish [52]
Cause of death:  
Religious affiliations:   Episcopal, Presbyterian, and other churches
Physical description:   "an old and respectable inhabitant of this city"
Education:   could likely read and write
Occupations:   managed boarding houses
Children:   John, Samuel Smith, Peter, Gabriel, Gabriel. Daniel, Hannah, George Washington, unknown
Known residences:   at New York, New York City, Manhattan; at Frauncis Tavern, Princess St. and other locations; Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Known friends & relations:   Thomas Pearsell;

Timeline of John Laboyteaux & Hannah Smith

1732-1740 John Laboyteaux was born in New Jersey to Jemima and Peter Laboyteaux. [1] [n26] [n4]

c1739 Hannah Smith was born at Queens County, New York. [59]

1762, October 22 John Laboyteau and Hannah Smith obtained a marriage license in the Coloney of New York. [53]

1762, November 4

John Laboyteau and Hannah Smith were married by Doctor Henry Barclay at Trinity Episcopal Church in New York City. [51]

1763, January 3

The following advertisement appeared in The New-York Gazette:
“John Laboyteaux, Taylor, Has removed from Potbaker’s Hill, to the House where Mr. Puntine lately lived, in Maiden Lane, between the New-Dutch Church and the Fly-Market, next Door to Dr. Cammonau(?), where he continues his Business as usual, where any Gentlemen that please to favor him with there Custom, may be served in the genteelest Manner, and on reasonable Terms. He takes this Method to acquaint his Customers, that he has furnished himself with a neat Assortment of superfine and coarse Cloth, and Trimings(sic) suitable, and many other Articles proper for the season, which he can afford at a reasonable Rate.”

1764, December 25 John Jr. was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1765, January 13 John Labayteaux Jr. was baptized at The First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1765-1766 Samuel Smith Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1766, February 24 Samuel Smith Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1766, September 10

The following advertisement appeared in The New-York Journal or The General Advertiser: ROBERT WOOFFENDALE, Surgeon Dentist, lately arrived from London; (who was instructed by Thomas Berdmore, Esq; Operator for the teeth to his present majesty) begs Leave to inform the Public, that he performs all Operations upon the Teeth, Gums, Sockets, and Palate: Likewise fixes artificial Teeth so as to escape Discernment, and without Pain, or the least inconvenience. N.B. May be spoke with at his Lodgings, at Mr. John Laboyteaux, at the Golden-Hill, betwixt the Fly-Market and the New-Dutch Church, from the hours of Nine in the Morning to Six in the Evening, said Wooffendale intends to Leave New-York, the 16th of next Month.”

1767, April 18

John Laboyteaux was given as a witness on the New York marriage bond for the union of Jerusha Smith of Queens Co. spinster and William Post of New York City painter; Ward Hunt was the other witness. [n31]

1767, June 21 Peter Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1767, July 22 Peter Smith Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1767, August 21 "John Laboyteau" was named in an administration bond for William Allison. [65]

1768, November 12 Gabriel Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1768, December 25 Gabriel Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1768-1769 Gabriel Laboyteaux, infant son of John and Hannah, died. [54]

1769, January 31 John Laboyteaux "Taylor", having paid a fee, became one of the "freemen" of New York City. [61]

1770, February 8 Gabriel Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1770, March 25 Gabriel Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1772, May 11 Daniel Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1772, June 12 Daniel Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1772, April 22

John and Joseph Laboyteux, along with Elihu Spencer and others, were granted by the Colony of New York a patent containing 10,000 acres of land in Gloucester County. [39] [n8]

1773, July 22 Hannah Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1773, August 22 Hannah Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. [54]

1773, May 13

John Laboyteaux, tailor of New York by avertisement in the New-York Gazetteer promised, "Any Gentleman that chooses to have buttons made of the same cloth can have them worked with purl and slangles with any sprig or flower that they choose, as neat as those made in London." This was probably John, early on, showing his Patriotic sympothies, asking his customers to buy American. [56] [62]

1774, May 2

A petiton of 3,000 names, signed mostly the property owning, white males of New York City to the Colonial Government, asking for a law which had been enacted more than a dozen years earlier, several times postponed, but again ready to be enacted, and which required that all new biuldings south of the "Fresh Water" were to be build of brick and to have slate roofs. Those that signed this petition were asking for another postponement of the law. Among thos that signed were John Laboyteaux and his friend Thomas Pearsell (Parsel). [55]

1775 At New York City John Laboyteaux was a grand juror. [66]

1775, March 4

Saturday night—A one page sheet of paper, subscribed to the printer John Holt, was published in New York City. The subject of which was the election of deputies to be choosen as delegates to the Continental Congress. The paper began as follows: "To the friends of American liberty: Gentlemen, As Mr. John Thurman, declared, yesterday, on the Coffee-house bridge, in the presence of Messieurs John Laboyteaux, Thomas Hazard, Alexander M'Dougal, Comfort Sands, and sundry other persons, that he was "not for appointing delegates ..." [n61] [w7]

1775, September 17 George Washington Laboyteaux was born at New York City to Hannah Smith and John Laboyteaux. [54]

1775, October 1

George Washington Laboyteaux was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. "George Washington Laboyteaux." A note referring to this baptism states: "So called after his Excellency George Washington, Esqr., General & Commander in Chief of the Continental Army" [54]

1775-1776 John Laboyteux, aka Labourtue, served as a Captain in the First or Second Volunteer Regiments. [63]

1776, July 22

At 2.AM in the Captain John Laboyteaux in command of a party, following orders of the Provicial Congress, proceeding to the home of Gilbert Forbes, gunsmith, whose residence was on Broadway and who was supected of consiracy against the Provincial Congress and the Army of the American States. Captain Laboyteaux arrested Mr. Forbes, took possessions of his papers, and escorted him to the new jail where he was placed in irons. [57] [70]

1776, August 22 Under command of British General Lord Howe 10,000 men and forty guns land near Gravesend.

1776, August 27 Battle of Long Island.

1776, August

Washington, having suffered a sound defeat, but not a total defeat as the British chose not to press the battle until the next day, would use this brief respit to stealthly move his army across the East River to Manhattan, which allowed his the Continental army to live to fight another day.

1776, September 14 With an impending British invasion threatening the City, American civilians evacuate New York.

1776, September 16 The British, who take most of Manhattan Island were repulsed at Harlem Heights.

1776, September 22 At New York City Nathan Hale was executed as a spy.

1776, October 28 The British gain another victory at the Battle of White Plains.

1776, November 16 Fort Washington on the Hudson was captured by the British.

1776, Mid-November Americans evacuate Fort Lee and retreat across New Jersey to Pennsylvania.

1776, December 8 General Washington with his army cross the Delaware into Pennsylvania.


The young family of John and Hannah Laboyteaux left New York City, which was now subjected to British occupation, and would remain so for seven more years until British evacuation in September, 1783. John Laboyteaux and family likely joined his brothers in central New Jersey, perhaps for a several months, before moving again onto Philadelphia. [1]

1777, August 11

John Laboyteaux, who was serving in Captain Lazarus Pine's Company, of the 4th Battalion, was paid for service. The 4th Battalion was called into service in July, 1777. [64]

1778, July 21

The following advertisement appeared in The Pennsylvania Evening Post:  
"JUST come to hand, and to be sold by JOHN LABOYTEAUX in Second street, between Arch and Market streets, a small assortment of elegant looking glasses, pictures, china bowls, plates, and Turennes(?); paper snuff boxes, dissected maps of different parts of the world, and a few boxes of shells with limners colours.
       All persons indepted to him by bond, note, or book, are desired to settle their accounts; and those to whom he is indebted, to call for payment. July 21."

1778, July 25

The following advertisement appeared in The Pennsylvania Packet or the General Advertiser:
“PHILADELHIA. Whereas sundry persons, notoriously disaffected to the American cause, and others of suspicious characters, presuming upon indulgence and lenity of their virtuous and forbearing countrymen, have lately manifested an unbecoming and insolent spirit, and more especially have endeavoured to suppress all evidence and discovery of the oppression of the friends of America, and other misdoings before and during the enemy’s possession of this city, by intimidating and discouraging the good people of this State from appearing against them.
       WE the subscribers, in furtherance of public justice, and in support of the authority of the State for the purpose, DO therefore declare, and pledge ourselves to each other, that we will disclose any facts within our knowledge tending to bring such offenders to proper trial; and we will countenance and support all other the faithful inhabitants of this State, who may be restrained by any undue influence from making such discoveries against any oppression or insult whatever—At the same time declaring that we have no other object in view then to make a proper discrimination between the friends and enemies of America, and to remove every improper bias from the minds of our fellow citizens, who from misapprehension of the duty they owe their country, and inattention to their oath of allegiance, have been so far misled as to suppose their appearing as witnesses against such offenders officious and dishonourable.
       IN WITNESS whereof, we have herewith(?) set our hands, ibis 17th July, 1778.” Below were given the names of about 186 names, including “John Laboyteaux”.

1779, February 4

The following advertisement appeared in The Pennsylvania Packet or The General Advertiser, which was published in Philadelphia:
“DIFFERENT kinds of calicoes, pelong(?), muslins, checks(?), gauzes, ditto aprons and handkerchiefs, nanquins(?), gingangs(?), cambrick, linen, sheeting, tea, china ware of different denominations; cotton, thread and silk stockings; sundry gallantry ware articles; buttons, spy-glasses, East-India canes, &c. are to be sold in Second-street, opposite to the Baptist Church, by JOHN LABOYTEAUX.”

1779, May 29

The Effective supply tax [n34] for the City of Philadelphia was assessed. Listed in the High Street Ward was John Labateaux, with the amount he was taxed being given as "30". [68]

1780, May 21

John Laboyteaux, “of Philadelphia” signed his last will and testament which was witnesses by Timothy Brundige, William Hinman and John Vandergrift; the Executors were given as “the wife”, Thomas Pearsall of New York City merchant, Benjamin Helme Attorney, both of New York City. [60]

1780, August 2

Hannah, the widow of John Laboyteaux merchant of Philadelphia, was living on Water Street near the Drawbirdge. [67]

1781, June 29 The Will of John Laboyteaux was Proved at Philadelphia before Samuel Morris, Esq. [60]

1784 January 31

The following advertisement appeared in The Independent Gazette, or the New-York Journal Revived
“New-York, January 23, 1784. – All Persons indebted to the estate of John Laboyteaux, late of this city, deceased, are, for the LAST TIME, requested to make payment before the first day of March next, to the subscriber, at No. 14, Smith-street; as there is a necessity of settling said estate without any longer delay.—And those having demands against said estate, are desired to bring in their accounts, properly attested, to Hannah Laboyteaux, Executrix.” [58]


Hannah Laboyteaux aquired a land grant, or stocks in a land company, for land in the Ohio Territory—this was likely a grant resulting from her husbands Revolutionary War service. The agent involved in this transaction was Winthorp Sargent. [00]

1790 January(?)

The first Federal Census is taken, and in New York City Hannah “Labateaux” was listed in the “Dock Ward”; Occupants given as 1/_/3/2/_.

1792, December 17

The following advertisement appeared in The Diary or Loudon’s Register which was published in New York City: “TO BE SOLD AT PUBLIC AUCTION, On THURSDAY the 27th inst. At the Merchants Coffee House, (If not sold before at private sale,)
       THAT convenient TWO STORY BRICK HOUSE, at present occupied by Mrs. Laboyteaux; situate in Broad Street, the corner of Princes Street ; there is in said house three rooms on each floor, with finished bed rooms in the garret—Also, an excellent BRICK KITCHEN, with finished rooms over the same, together with a good CELLAR, a Stone Cistern and Pump in the yard.
       Also, that convenient three story BRICK HOUSE No. 5, Old Slip, occupied at present by Dr. Samuel Borrowe ; together with the lease of the store No. 1, Water-street, fronting the Old Slip, formerly occupied by the subscriber ; the advantages of which as a stand for business is too well known to need description. The sales to commence at 12 o’clock ; when the conditions will be made known and indisputable titles given by – JACOB HALLET.
       N.B. Any person desirous to purchase previous to the dale of sale, will be pleased to apply as above. Dec. 17’ dif"

1794, May 28

The following advertisement appeared in The Daily Advertiser, which was published in New York City:
“MRS. LABOYTEAUX, respectfully informs her friends and the public, that she has removed from Broad-street, near the exchange, into that large new house no. 13 Little Water-street [n33], nearly opposite messrs. Remsen and Sleight’s for boarding Ladies and Gentlemen. N.B. A front room and cellar to Let. May 23. IW" [n32]

1798, March 2

The following advertisement appeared in The New-York Gazette and General Advertiser, which was published in New York City:
“To Be Let, And possession given the 1st May, that large and commodious house No. 13 Little Water-Street, near the Battery, as present occupied by Mrs. Laboyteaux. For further particulars, enquire of BENJAMIN S. JUDAH; Feb. 9 No. 1, Old-Slip"

1819, September 29 Mrs. Hannah Laboyteaux died at 227 Church Street. [52]

1819, September 30

Appearing in the Mercantile Advertiser was the following death notice:
“Yesterday morning, of a short illness, Mrs. Hannah Laboyteaux, an old and respectable inhabitant of this city. The friends of the family are invited to attend her funeral this afternoon, at 5 o’clock, from No. 227 Church-street."

1819, September 30

Appearing in the New York Evening Post was a death notice for Mrs. Hannah Laboyteaux who died Tuesday evening, age 80.

The following is background on Freneau gleaned from the introduction of this book. “The following account of the capture of the ship Aurora was written by Philip Freneau, the ‘Poet of the Revolution,’ at his Mount Pleasant home, July 14, 1780, two days after his release from the British Hospital Ship Hunter, which had been dock in the East River. The poet was then in his twenty-eighth year, and for so young a man his career had been exciting and varied. He was born in Frankfort Street , in the city of New York, January 2, 1752.” His father, Pierre Freneu, was of French Huguenot descent and his family members of St. Esprit Church on Pine Street. Not long after Philip’s birth his father died and the mother, Agnes Watson, removed with the family to Mount Pleasant in Westchester County. At age sixteen Philip entered the college of New Jersey and in 1768, his sophomore year, he composed and printed The Political History of the Prophet Jonah, for which he was immediately recognized for his genius by students and faculty. In 1774 Philip Freneau went to live in New York City, “where he resided for two years, writing and publishing satirical pieces and political burlesques, ridiculing the King, Royalist, and neutrals, and gaining great popularity for himself…” He spent some time between 1776 and 1779 on ventures to the West Indies and Bermuda, during which time he wrote some of his best poetry. In 1779 he was in Philadelphia editing The United States Magazine, but this periodical was not successful and he began a new venture. “Having obtained letters of marque, he built and fitted out the ship Aurora at Philidelphia, which soon after leaving the waters of the Delaware, was fired upon and captured by a British frigate on the 26th of May, 1780.” In July, after being released from the British hospital-ship Hunter which was in the East River, Freneau wrote Some Account of the Capture of the Ship Aurora from his Mount Pleasant home, but this work was not published until 1899. Here is his account taken word for word from the above mentioned book in which are partially relayed the gallant acts of John Laboyteaux.—J.A.R.M. “On the 25th of May, in beating down Delaware Bay, we unfortunately retook a small sloop from the refugees loaded with corn, which hindered us from standing out to sea that night, whereby in all probability we should have avoided the enemy which afterwards captured us. Friday morning, May 26. The air very smokey and the wind somewhat faintish, though it afterward freshened up. The wind was so that we stood off E. S. E. after putting the pilot on board the small sloop, handcuffing the prisoners, and sending the prize to Cape May. About three o’clock in the afternoon we discovered three sail bearing from us about E. N. E.; they were not more than five leagues from us when we discovered them from the foretop, at the same time we could see them from the quarter-deck. One appeared to be a pretty large ship, the other two, brigs. We soon found they were in chase of us; we therefore tacked immediately, set all sail we could crowd, and stood back for the bay. My advice to the officers was to stand for Egg Harbor or any part of the jersey shore and run the ship on the flats rather than be taken; but this was disregarded. We continued to stand in till we saw Cape Henlopen; the frigate, in the mean time, gaining on us apace; sun about half an hour high. We were abreast of the cape, close in, when the wind took us aback, and immediately after we were becalmed; the ebb of tide at the same time setting very strong out of the bay so that we rather drifted out. Our design was, if possible, to get within the road around the point, and there run the ship on shore, but want of wind and the tide being against us, hindered from putting this into execution. We were now within three hundred yards of the shore. The frigate in the mean time ran in the bay to leeward of us about one-quarter of a mile (her distance from the cape hindering it from becalming her as it did us), and began to bring her cannon to bear on us. Her two prizes hove tp; one we knew to be the brig Active, Captain Mesnard; the other, as we afterward learned, was a salem brig from the West Indies.